This bibliography was created by the SASI in order to provide scholars and researchers the materials related to the pivotal moment in Canadian history when passengers from the Komagata Maru were turned away from the shores of B.C in the year 1914.

Click here to view the Historical Photographs by Vancouver Public Library

The Centennial of this moment in history (2014) was commemorated by the SASI with two events:


Buchignani, N., Indra, D. M., & Srivastiva, R. (1985). Continuous journey: A social history of South Asians in Canada. Toronto, Ont: McClelland and Stewart in association with the Multiculturalism Directorate, Dept. of the Secretary of State and the Canadian Govt. Pub. Centre, Supply and Services, Canada.

Campbell, P. ( 2001). “East Meets Left: South Asian Militants and the Socialist Party of Canada in British Columbia, 1904-1914”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANADIAN STUDIES, Vol. 20, Fall 1999, pp. 35-66. Sage Race Relations Abstracts, 26, 1.)

Hawkin, Freda. (1999). Critical Years in Immigration: Canada and Australia Compared. Quebec: Mcgill-Queens University Press.

James, St. W. and Walker, G. (1997). Race, Rights and the Law in the Supreme Court of Canada: Historical Case Studies. Toronto: Wilfred Laurier Press.

Johnston, H. J. M. (1979). The voyage of the Komagata Maru: The Sikh challenge to Canada’s colour bar. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Johnston, Hugh. The Voyage of the Komagata Maru: The Sikh Challenge to Canada’s Colour Bar. 2nd ed. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1989.

Kazimi, Ali. Undesirables White Canada and the Komagata Maru. Vancouver: D&M Publishers Inc., 2011.

Kelley, N., & Trebilcock, M. J. (1998). The making of the mosaic: A history of Canadian immigration policy. Toronto, Ont: University of Toronto Press.

Mawani,R.(2016).In the Shadow of Gandhi: Gurdit Singh and the Sea. Retrieved from

Puri, H. K. (1983). Ghadar movement: Ideology, organisation & strategy. Amritsar: Guru Nanak Dev University Press.

(2011) Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21: Continuous Journey Regulation, 1908 Retrieved from:

(n.d.) A History of Racism in Canada’s Immigration Policy, Retrieved from:

Singh, Gurdit Singh. Voyage of the Komagata Maru or India’s Slavery Abroad. Chandigarh: Unistar Books, 2007.

Singh, Kesar. Canadian Sikhs (Part One) And Komagata Maru Massacre. 1st ed. Surrey: Kesar Singh, 1989.

Tatla, Darshan S, ed. Report of the Komagata Maru Committee of Inquiry and Some Further Documents. Chandigarh: Unistar Books, 2007.

Ward, Peter W. White Canada Forever Popular Attitudes and Public Policy Towards Orientals in British Columbia. 3rd ed. Canada: McGill Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Becoming Canadians: Pioneer Sikhs In Their Own Words

Discover the stories of the courageous Sikh pioneers who first came to British Columbia.